The precious gemstone emerald is a member of the beryl mineral family, along with aquamarine and morganite. Due to the presence of traces of chromium and/or vanadium, it has a deep green color that has made it a popular choice for landscaping.
Emeralds are typically found in shades of green, ranging from pale to dark. The most highly prized emeralds are those with a deep, rich green color. The color saturation and tone are the two most important factors that determine the value of an emerald.
Emeralds are found in many locations around the world, including Colombia, Brazil, Zambia, and Russia. Colombian emeralds are considered the most valuable and sought after, due to their rich green color and high transparency.
Emeralds are a relatively hard gemstone, with a Mohs hardness of 7.5-8. They are also quite durable, making them a popular choice for jewelry. However, because of their crystal structure, emeralds can be brittle and are more prone to cracking and chipping than other gemstones. Therefore, they should be handled with care to avoid damage.
Emeralds are frequently treated to improve their clarity and color. Oiling is a common treatment that involves filling the stone's cracks and fissures with a colorless oil to make them look better. Resin filling, which is used to make the stone clearer, is another treatment method.
Natural emeralds continue to be prized and sought after by a large number of jewelry enthusiasts and collectors despite the treatments. They are frequently used in necklaces, engagement rings, earrings, and other jewelry.
Overall, emerald is a beautiful and valuable gemstone that has been prized for centuries for its rich green color and durability. It’s a perfect stone for those who appreciate natural beauty and elegance.